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How to Use Your Mac Laptop in Closed-Display (Clamshell) Mode

You can use your Mac laptop in closed-display mode (also known as “clamshell” mode) if you have an external display attached.

Sometimes closed-display mode isn’t convenient. For instance, I have a 16-inch MacBook Pro connected to a 27-inch LG UltraFine display. If I want the external monitor to act as a True Tone monitor, I have to have the Mac laptop in open-display mode and enable it in the settings.

Display preferences window showing built-in retina display and true tone selected
Enable True Tone to adapt to lighting conditions

True Tone automatically changes the White Point and color balance of the display based on real-time measurements of the ambient light falling on the screen. The True Tone technology in the MacBook Pro uses advanced multichannel sensors to adjust the color and intensity of your display and Touch Bar to match the ambient light so that images appear more natural.

Okay, back to closed-display mode. One of the advantages of it is that it disables the laptop’s built-in screen to help optimize graphics performance for driving multiple full-sized and high-resolution external displays.

To enable closed-display mode with your laptop, you’ll need: 

  • An AC power adapter or an external display that provides power over USB-C or Thunderbolt 3 (USB-C).
  • An external keyboard and mouse or trackpad, either USB or wireless.
  • A USB-C to USB adapter or cable if you’re using a USB mouse or keyboard with a Mac that has USB-C ports.

Connect your USB keyboard or mouse to your Mac or external display, or pair your Bluetooth keyboard or mouse with your Mac. If you use a Bluetooth keyboard or mouse, choose Apple () menu > System Preferences, click Bluetooth, then verify Bluetooth is on.

Connect your Mac to power with the AC power adapter. (Some external displays, like the LG UltraFine 5K, also charge your Mac.)

RainStand mTower
  • Connect your external display or projector to the appropriate port on your Mac. Use an Apple video adapter if necessary. Some external displays have a USB cable that needs to be connected to your Mac.
  • After your Mac notebook’s Desktop appears on the external display, close your computer’s lid. You might have to press a key or click your mouse to wake the external display. Several companies make horizontal and vertical laptop stands for holding a laptop in clamshell mode. Check out the accessories page on for several different stand options.

When you get ready to use your Mac laptop without the display, put your Mac to sleep (Apple () menu > Sleep) before disconnecting the external display.

Dennis Sellers
the authorDennis Sellers
Contributing Author
Dennis has over 40 years of journalism experience and has written hundreds of articles. For the past 20-plus years, he's been an online journalist, covering mainly Apple Inc. He's written for MacCentral, MacWorld, MacMinute, Macsimum News, Apple Daily Report, and is now contributing editor at Apple World Today.
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  • More than half of the time, the external display does NOT go on.
    You have to mess with pluggin the power cable to the monitor, opening up the macbook, toggling the entire power (both monitor and mac) or sometimes hard rebooting the mac. This is with Dell display.

    This has been this way for about 10 years this way now.
    Any suggestions?

  • What do I do if I do NOT want to allow using my MacBook Pro in closed-display mode?

    This has happened and sometimes the Desktop icons are moved when I reopen the MacBook.

    I sometimes need to close the the MacBook to connect/disconnect something from the dock behind the MacBook.

  • I am concern when I get the sleep mode in my MacBook Air connected to a Samsung external monitor because the AC Power Adapter is also connected. Is any Burn risk ? or battery failure ?

  • If the Mac is charging all the time, are there any damage to the battery life time?

  • Any comment on heat dissipation from the MacBook when in clamshell mode and possible detrimental effects on the internals of the MB?

    • No. Airflow through the Mac is the same. And the Mac has a whole host of internal sensors to monitor air flow, temperatures of all key components, and fan rotation. It even has a dedicated hardware management system to protect itself in terms of heat, airflow, and power.

  • People like me who use clamshell want an Apple Magic Keyboard with a Touchbar and Touch ID!