- App Nap
- OS X Mavericks has a brand-new feature that can lengthen battery runtime, increase available resources for other programs, and generally make your Mac feel faster. App Nap, as the name implies, acts by putting your apps in a low-power "nap" state if certain criteria are met:
- The application is not visible, whether all windows are hidden by other apps or minimized to the Dock, and the app is not currently being used.
- The application is not playing audio/visual media.
- The application doesn't ask to stay awake.
- It is up to the application developer to decide how App Nap will affect their application.
- When an app is in a nap state, OS X puts the app in a scheduling queue that drastically reduces its power and resource usage.
- An app will wake up when the window is brought to the front and also when the app's window is restored (un-minimized) from the dock.
- Compressed Memory
- OS X Mavericks has another brand-new feature that can increase available resources for other programs; "Compressed Memory". The OS monitors your Mac's available memory and will automatically compress the least-used items in memory to roughly half of their current size, quickly uncompressing them when they are needed again. There are many benefits to Compressed Memory:
- With memory usage for the least-used active applications reduced, more memory becomes available for other applications.
- Power efficiency is improved as Compressed Memory lowers the use of virtual memory swapping to disk. A side bonus of this is reduced read and writes to SSD-based storage.
- CPU use is minimized, as compressing/decompressing inside memory is orders of magnitude faster than from a disk.
- Macintosh computers with small amounts of RAM installed, specifically MacBook Air laptops with 4GB or less of RAM, will see a noticeable performance increase running OS X Mavericks versus previous OS X releases.
- Timer Coalescing
- Your Mac is running background tasks all the time. Examples of this are: Software Update, maintenance scripts, Spotlight indexing, and many third party applications. On a desktop or laptop system running off of wall power exiting the idle state to do some housekeeping isn't a concern. This can however be a problem on a laptop running off of battery power. Timer Coalescing is a way to schedule those tasks to all run at similar times, minimizing the number of times system idle is exited, and reducing overall power usage.
- The drop-down box for "battery status" in the menu bar now includes a section that monitors running applications for energy use. The initial option shown is "Collecting Power Usage Information..."
Leave this drop-down box open and OS X Mavericks will evaluate current running applications and will rank them according to energy use. Any applications that are using a lot of resources will be identified in the "Apps Using Significant Energy" list.
If there are no running applications extensively using resources, the option will display "No Apps Using Significant Energy"
- Activity Monitor has been updated to monitor App Nap, compressed memory, and overall energy use.
- Pressing the power button on a Macintosh laptop will put the computer directly to sleep. This is an easy way for you to allow your Macintosh laptop to conserve more power when you are not using it. Pressing and holding down the power button for roughly three seconds will bring-up the familiar "Are you sure you want to shut down your computer now?" window with "Restart", "Sleep", "Cancel" and "Shut Down" options. Holding the power button down for five seconds will force a Macintosh laptop to power-off.
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